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Star Jelly - Does it Exist?

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MAPIT 1.1

Case Ref No, 26411.
MAPIT investigation : UFO Sighting.
Incident Date : November 28th 2001.

On November 30th 2009 MAPIT received a telephone call from Mr. Ian Brown who claimed that on the 28th of November around 8.15pm he and his mother and girlfriend watch several white balls of light from their kitchen window. The balls of light seemed to be at high altitude but were dropping. Ian went out onto the front drive for a better look, he could clearly see around 6 objects. He decided to follow the lights in his car as they seemed quite close. Ian and his girlfriend Michelle travelled towards Altrincham Crem, constantly looking up at the strange lights and keeping them in view. Buy this time the lights were lower to ground and Ian started to lose sight of them behind hedgerow.

He eventually stopped near a small bridge with a field adjacent to it. Ian was sure the lights had come down in this particular area but could not see anything. He got out of his car and walked over to the opening of the field, nothing was to be seen, heard or smelt. Michelle did not want to go into the field as she was a little scared. It was dark and you could not see your footing very well.

Ian decided to head back home. When he got back Michelle and Ian’s mother talked about what they had seen. Michelle suggested contacting someone. Ian decided to ring Manchester International Airport and reported what they had seen to a gentleman who told them no other reports had come in and they did not know of anything unusual happening or being seen.

Ian eventually contacted MAPIT and reported the incident. We decided to visit the witnesses and interview them. A report form was completed after which we visited the location. We came to a field that was empty and decided to have a walk around. Ian pointed out the location. Nothing could be found so we started to head back. As we turned a MAPIT investigator noticed some type of jelly substance. It was yellow in colour and smelt like the end of matches, later I was told this was a Sulphur smell. A number of photographs were taken as I headed back to the car to get a sample pot and gloves out of the boot of my car.

I went back into the field to get a sample of the jelly. When I touched it I noticed it quickly fell apart and became liquid. It kind of disintergrated on touch. I quickly scooped some into the sample pot.

I took the sample home and was to ring Manchester University the following day to see if they would analyse the substance for me. However, on inspection the following day, no trace of the substance was left in the sample container. Strange, even water would not evaporate so fast. I opened the container and the smell of sulphur filled the room.

I can at this time, only presume the substance had turned from a liquid into a gas. I revisited the location to get a second sample on December 8th 2001 but could find nothing. I had even left a tag on the floor to mark the location, but nothing was there. The substance had completely vanished. Another inspection of the area was carried out but nothing was found.

We can only conclude at this time that the substance may be something associated with the near by Shell Oil Refinery or something that may have dropped from an aircraft. The mysterious Jelly remains a mystery.

Case Shelved : December 14th 2001.
Conclusion : Unknown.
Compiled By Steve Mera.

In August of 2002 I learnt of a strange jelly that had been found around the world. This rare phenomenon was termed 'Star Jelly'. Could this have been the mysterious substance we found?

Like 'Angel Hair', star jelly usually sublimes when it is attempted to be collected, but what is most notable about star jelly is that it is almost always found in the vicinity where a meteorite has been reported as fallen. That star jelly is nothing more than "pond scum" caught up in a whirlwind is another example of debunking a phenomenon by ignoring awkward evidence, in this case that the substance is usually found when people have gone looking in the area where a meteorite has been seen to fall.

A fiery globe fell on the island of Lethy, India in 1819. Searchers went to the site where the meteorite was seen to have fallen and found a gelatinous material there which quickly disappeared.

" Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 1:234 October - 1819".
A luminous meteor was seen to fall (somewhere) in Italy in 1652. Once again, Star Jelly was found where it had landed, this particular sample having a dull yellowish color and a foul odor to it.

" Annals of Philosophy, New Series 12:93, August 1826".
A foul smelling jelly like substance fell over large areas of Southern Ireland in the winter and early spring of 1696. According to the Bishop of Cloyne it was " soft, clammy and a dark yellow color".

"Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 19: 224-253, May 1696".
On January 21, 1803, a shooting star was seen to have fallen to earth in Silesia, between Bars'dorf and Freiburg (now Swiedbodzice), it's trajectory was low and witnesses heard a whizing soud as it passed overhead. For some time the meteorite seemed to be burning, thus its point of impact was easily observed. In the morning, a mass of jelly like material was found at the landing place.

"Report of the thirtieth meeting of the British Association for the advancement of Science 30: 62-63, 1860".
A foul smelling object covered with a clothlike nap fell at Amherst, Massachusets on August 13, 1819. It was examined by Professor Russel Graves, who removed the nap and discovered a "buff-colored, pulpy substance" beneath it. Upon exposure to the air the substance became a " livid color, resembling venous blood". The object was said to have fallen with a bright light.

" Annual Register, 63:687, 1821".
Where the citizens of Rahway, New Jersey saw a "fiery rain" fall to the ground on November 13, 1833, they found lumps of a dark yellow, foul smelling jelly. A woman milking a cow in West Point, New York, on the same day saw something land "with a splash" a few feet beside her. It was a round, flattened mass the size of a tea cup and perfectly transparent. This occurred at sunrise. She returned around 10 a.m. with some friends but found that the jelly had disappeared. Where it had landed there were some particles the size of grains of sand, but they disintegrated and disappeared when they tried to pick them up.

These incidents were reported in conjunction with a meteor shower that appeared over the Eastern US on 11/13 of the same year.

" The American Journal of Science and Arts, 1:363-411 - January 1834".
Nut sized lumps of odorless, gray resinous matter fell on Vilna, Lithuania, during a rainstorm on April 4, 1846. When the material was burned, it released a pervasive sweet smell. After being soaked in water for more than 24 hours it swelled and became completely gelatinous.

" Comptes Rendus hebdomadaries des se'ances del 'acadademie des sciences, 23:542".
On November 11, 1846, a luminous object estimated at 4 feet in diameter fell at Loweville, New York, leaving behind a heap of foul - smelling luminous jelly that disappeared quickly.

Scientific American 2:79 - November 28, 1846.
A yellowish substance fell on Genoa, Italy, on the morning of February 14, 1870. It was analyzed by M.G. Boccardo and Professor Castellani of the Genoa Technical Institute and found to contain 66% sand (mostly silica type, and some of clay), 15 % iron oxide (rust), 9 % carbonate of lime, 7 % organic matter, and the rest water. The organic matter contained particles resembling spores, grains of starch, fragments of diatoms (forms of algae whose cell walls contain silica), and unidentified, cobalt blue globules.

"The Journal of the Franklin Institute, 3:11 - 12, July, 1870".
An edible substance consisting of small yellow spherules, white on the inside, fell over an area of some three square miles in the neighborhood of Mardin and Diyarbakir, Turkey, in August of 1890. The local people used it to make bread and said it was easily digested. Botanists declared the substance to possibly be a lichen, perhaps lecanora esculenta.

"Nature, 43: 255, January 15, 1891".
Police officers John Collins and Joe Keenan were cruising the streets of Philadelphia in their patrol car on the night of September 26, 1950. As they made their way down a quiet side street near Vare Avenue and 26th Street, their headlights picked up a strange shimmering object that seemed to be coming to Earth in an open field about half a block in head of them. When they went to investigate, thei flashlights revealed a domed disk of quivering jelly, 6 feet in diameter, one foot thick at the center and an inch or two near the edge. They had a curious feeling that the thing was alive! They turned off their flashlights and saw the thing glowed with a dull purple color. And then they radioed for help.

They were soon joined by Sgt. Joe Cook and patrolman James Cooper. Sergeant Cook suggested they try and pick the thing up, but when Officer Collins attempted to do so the thing fell apart in his hands, like gelatin. The fragments that stuck to his hands soon evaporated, leaving behind only a sticky, odorless scum. Within a half hour of Cooper and Cook arriving the entire mass had evaporated.

"Frank Edwards: Strange World, page 344".

Star jelly is a semi-mysterious gelatinous substance allegedly deposited on the ground during meteor showers. The phenomenon of star jelly has been observed since at least 1641, and probably much earlier. In Welsh, star jelly is known as pwdre sêr ("rot of the stars").

A long 1979 article in the paranormal Fate magazine asserted that star jelly has an extraterrestrial origin, and constitutes "cellular organic matter" which exists as "prestellar molecular clouds" traveling through space. Some paranormal enthusiasts have drawn a connection between star jelly and the idea of atmospheric beasts, calling the jelly the remains of these animals.

Scientists are extremely skeptical, favoring a terrestrial origin for star jelly. The scientific explanation for star jelly is that stargazers witness a meteor shower, then run in the direction where they think they fell, only to find a pre-existing slime on the ground, be it slime mold, nostoc, or lichen. Nostoc, in particular, a fresh-water cyanobacteria, has the potential to rapidly form colonies on open ground, appearing as a mysterious slime. Amusingly, nostoc is edible, being rich in protein and vitamin C, and is cultivated in China, Java, and Japan for human consumption. So "star jelly" may be edible.

In reality, meteors barely ever make it to the ground. Most burn up dozens of miles above the surface. Keep in mind that meteors are usually made of rock or even iron, if they had a jelly element, it would be incinerated by the outermost layers of the Earth's atmosphere. When it became obvious that "star jelly" could not be connected to meteor showers, paranormalists tried to connect it to molecular clouds, an even less likely source of the material.

Molecular clouds do indeed exist, they are observed by astronomers regularly. However, these molecular clouds are often very diffuse, thousands or millions of times more diffuse than air, not to mention they are located many hundreds or thousands of light years away. Any molecular cloud of appreciable size would be observed by astronomers blocking starlight long before it reached the Earth. Even small molecular clouds would be observed by astronauts on the Space Shuttle or the International Space Station, but none have been sighted. Our solar system actually has a matter density greater than that of any prestellar molecular cloud, as our solar system is the outcome of a molecular cloud that has collapsed under its own gravity. Our solar system is scattered with dust, but none of it in jelly form.

Note.

Angel hair is an alleged substance of unknown origin, said to be dispersed from UFOs as they fly overhead. It is so named for its similarity to fine hair, or spider's webs, and is comparable to ectoplasm and pixie dust. Reports of Angel hair say that it disintegrates within a short time of forming. There have been many reports of falls of angel hair around the world. The greatest number of reports have come from the U.S.A., western Europe, eastern Australia, and New Zealand.

Alternative explanations: One of the possible explanations offered relates to the web making activities of spiders. Some types of spiders are known to migrate through the air, sometimes in large numbers, on cobweb gliders. The threads created by these airborne arachnids are delicate enough to dissolve upon handling. As string-like lines that appear out of nowhere and form unique patterns. They are also known as Spider Strings and are linked to String Theory in Physics.

String theory is a physical model whose fundamental building blocks are one-dimensional extended objects (strings) rather than the zero-dimensional points (particles) that were the basis of most earlier physics. For this reason, string theories are able to avoid problems associated with the presence of pointlike particles in a physical theory. Detailed study of string theories has revealed that they describe not just strings but other objects, variously including points, membranes, and higher-dimensional objects. As discussed below, it is important to realize that no string theory has yet made firm predictions that would allow it to be experimentally tested.

The term 'string theory' properly refers to both the 26-dimensional bosonic string theories and to the 10-dimensional superstring theories discovered by adding supersymmetry. Nowadays, 'string theory' usually refers to the supersymmetric variant while the earlier is given its full name, 'bosonic string theory'.

Interest in string theory is driven largely by the hope that it will prove to be a theory of everything. It is one viable solution for quantum gravity, and in addition to gravity it can naturally describe interactions similar to electromagnetism and the other forces of nature. Superstring theories also include fermions, the building blocks of matter. It is not yet known whether string theory is able to describe a universe with the precise collection of forces and matter that we observe, nor how much freedom to choose those details the theory will allow.

On a more concrete level, string theory has led to advances in the mathematics of knots, Calabi-Yau spaces and many other fields. Much exciting new mathematics in recent years has its origin in string theory. String theory has also led to much insight into supersymmetric gauge theories, a subject which includes possible extensions of the standard model.

Metaphysically they are said to weave all of matter together to form the basic geometric patterns - the Spider Web Effect with all things emerge from once source - move out in geometric progressions yet all remains linked to the source through the web. Angel hair is sometimes connected to UFO sightings or the presence of angels.

I am not aware of any scientific data that can define the exact cause or composition of angel hair. Non-the-less it does manifest into the physical realms.

UFOs Drop 'Angel Hair' in New South Wales.

August 19, 1998 - AP.
Twenty UFOs, described as "shiny silver spheres," flew over a number of farms near Quirindi, New South Wales, Australia last weekend, littering the ground with cobweb-like filaments called "angel hair." According to USA Today, "Residents of a small Australian community swear that they saw cobwebs fall from the sky after UFOs passed overhead. Dozens of residents of Quirindi called Australia's National UFO Hotline after the incident." According to the Tamworth, N.S.W. North Daily Leader, "Mrs. E. Stansfield, 61 years (old), said that she saw cobwebs falling from the sky. She saw twenty silver balls which passed overhead.

When she went out to her daughter, she too was covered in fine strands of cobweb. When she tried to pick it up, it disintegrated in her hand. The family car had cobwebs all over it." The incident took place at 5:04 p.m. on Sunday, August 9, 1998. Quirindi is just north of the Liverpool mountain range, about 70 kilometers (42 miles) southwest of Tamworth, N.S.W. and 300 kilometers (180 miles) northwest of Sydney. Australian researcher Raymond Brooks reported that the "various craft" performed aerobatic maneuvers over the farms "for 1.5 hours, including the release of 'angel hair.'

Compiled By Steve Mera & Ellie from Crystalinks.

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